IP protection


1 Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?
The present invention relates to the method and sign figures, used for three-D indication. It could be useful in various games as three-D crossword-puzzle and others, for displaying information with indicative, demonstrative, advertising and other type of nature on roads, crossing, islands and etc.

The goal was to create method and sign figures for increasing of the facility and expansion of the possibilities of the 3-D indication.  The task is fulfilled by the Method and sign figures for tree-D indication. Every sign figure involves some alike by form sign frames, which result as letters, numerals, drawings or combinations among them or others components of figures. With the purpose to increase the possibilities of indication and to utilize fully distinguishing function of three-D in the space the Sign figures are trilateral or multilateral synonymous. The Sign figure involves three or more sign frames, which compose one structure and are connected sedentary in one or more points in common. The sizes of the sign frames could be equal or unequal and with sizes which increase in progression, as well as have radial-symmetrically position, pyramidal position and others three co-ordinate positions. In the sign figures with radial-symmetrically position, the sign frames compose pyramidal surface. In the sign figures with three co-ordinate position, the sign frames are disposed in three basic directions in the space, and one of the sign frames serves as a foundation.


2 What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?
The method is known where the sign figures have prepositional structure.
Over outside of sign form is added a second, which is according on first, but is more little on sizes. The repetition of the sign is over found on sign figure, which facilitates identifying on the sign under some specific conditions of perception.
The defects of the similar method and sign figures of indication are that the indication is in the two-D space, not utilizing fully distinguishing function of three-D. Further – there is a necessity of extra devices, adjustments, indicator panels and others, for disposal of sign figures as 2-D displaying holds back the observer from the directions of indication and identification of the sign. That especially complicates reliance on information when the observer is moving as it protractedly holds the attention of the individual and makes him turn aside, reducing safety of motion. This is quite uncomfortable especially if the face of the sign figure is not perpendicularly located to the direction of motion.


3 What is the potential for further research?
Further research could be useful for modifying and remodeling the method, making it suitable for many other specific applications.







4 What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)
The method and the Three-dimensional indication with sign figures have been granted IP protection by the means of patents, issued by Bulgarian Patent Office in 2000 and US PTO in 2004.



5 What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?
None, the method is protected by acting patents.


6 What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?
Utilizing and upgrading a known technology this method allows perspective and vitality for the displayed symbols, letters, digits, etc. by adding a third dimension. This increases the effect of the visualization of the sign, especially when the observer is moving or viewing the stand form different angles. It greatly improves accessibility and the comfort of observation of the sign figures.



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