Increased traffic propelled by higher the number of cars and and a growing aptitude of people to drive more is a norm of our times. This is adding to the existing problem of lack of parking spaces for cars in most European cities. Underground and Surface parking lots and garages have improved the situation but have failed in providing an effective solution to the increased demands by worsening traffic conditions. Thus, any efforts which increase the efficiency are desirable.
Auto-shelve is a road facility designed for parking cars on the limited areas where conditions do not allow the construction of underground and surface parking (as in the central areas of some European cities) and anywhere else found appropriate. The facility has standard dimensions for parking of a length and width, as available depending on specific conditions. This facility is a mechanical device that multiplies parking capacity inside a building or a parking lot. Automatic multi-storey automated car park systems are less expensive per parking slot, since they tend to require less building volume and less ground area than a conventional facility with the same capacity.
The parking spaces will be located in the cells right next to each other. The driver leaves the car inside one of the empty cells at a designated area clearly marked out. After the passengers and driver exit, the cell for the vehicle is either raised up or lowered down by hydraulic or mechanical chain sytems powered by electricity to store the car. This exposes the next empty cell for storage of the next car coming into the car park. (The process is repeated until all the parking spaces in each vertical column are filled out. When the vehicle is needed, the driver is required to enter the floor at which his car was stored in the kiosk and pay a parking fee and the process is reversed and the car lifts transport the vehicle back to the level of the roadway so that the driver can conveniently drive away.
In order to operate the facility, a pit the size of the number of cars (4 or 5) in depth, a width and length, and to ensure enough space in a vehicle height has to be dug. The top cell of the Avtoetazherkata should be covered by a roof to have flood protection from the rain and snow. Sensors are required to monitor proper parking and ensure safety. There is a possibility of alarms of the cars going off if the alarm systems react to the movements of the parking system. Theft protection will be provided with a barrier to each individual cell and a key to it. The key will have the number of the cell enabling the driver to quickly locate his car.
The auto shelve will thus require less parking space compared to conventional parking lots. In the auto shelve time of entry and exit is reduced with low power consumption of a car and driver. Hence the fuel consumption of parked vehicles will be reduced. Additionally it reduces pollution as cars are not driving around trying to find available parking slots.