Inside all the AMP (Protected marine environment), the clam fishery conducted by hydraulic dredges is forbidden, whereas inside the B and C zones the small fishery is possible only for the residential citizens.
Previous studies conduced on the specific area of interest have indicated the presence of rocky structures and the presence of a biological substrate ascribable to Sabellaria halcocki and benthic biocenosis as well, characterized by the presence of a marine bivalve mollusc with great commercial value, Chamelea gallina. Considering the biocenosis revealead in AMP “Torre del Cerrano”, this area can be considered unique at national level.
The establishment of the AMP “Torre del Cerrano” has created many complaints by the side of stakeholder for the interdiction of fishery in this area. However, the valorisation of clams harvested in proximity of AMP, considered an area of great environmental interest, could represent the driving force suitable for the recovery of the sector.
In the last decades, recurrent mortality events and a great variability in the recruitment have been observed with more frequency in Adriatic sea, whereas a further difficulty is actually represented by the reduced growth rate of organisms.
This product of R&D, is crucial in order to give new knowledge about the physical and chemical characteristics of seawater, the biocenosis of hard and soft bottom, the management of halieutic resources (clams and traditional fishery), the presence of pathogens and the age-related modulation of immune response in the clams as well.