IP protection



Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?


Cities, as urban machines of real events, require real time system response. They comprise of real time connections outlets such as radio frequency transmitters, traffic signals, streets, smart meters, infrastructure sensors, and traffic and transit sensors. In fact, the availability of real time data is the constituting element of smart cities connecting the physical world with the information world and is the distinctive procurement that justifies the dynamic term of “smartness”. Internet of Things (IoT), as a realization of digial into the physical world is expected to greatly contribute to addressing today’s urban challenges. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), wireless sensor and actuator networks (WSAN), networked Embedded Devices (NED’s) enable high-level access and utilization of the real world data and resources. The next generation of Internet technologieswould be able to communicate with devices attached to virtually all human-made objects because of the extremely large address space of IPv6.

Smart cities applications should be able to intercommunicate, and share among others data, content and services. A key success factor for smart environments is the provision of open and distributed information storage, for all the embedded or not systems, implemented with different technological platforms. Smart city platforms visualize urban space through geospatial databases, capture embedded information and monitor intelligence applications, including smart energy grids, as urban operation systems. Future internet trends and motivations have a catalytic effect on smart city’s interoperability, offering new opportunities for open web services through linked and open data . Ontologies and semantic web services provide an important inter-operable data representation standard. Languages like W3C, RDF-S and OWL enable the exchange of data across city’s domains by collecting intra-domain concepts and defining relationships among them. Visualization APIs (Google Visualizations API, MIT Simile Exhibit API, Yahoo pipes) expose data on the web on a common visualization structure. At the same time, the trust and safety of the internet shortcoming is attempted to be alleviated through the emerging research area of Internet of Trust. Another aspect of the open integration layer is the storing and accessing of applications and computer data often through a Web browser in cloud computing.

Smart cities mirror the real time city operation pulse as system with systems. Cities are also being empowered technologically, as the core systems on which they are based become instrumented and interconnected, enabling new levels of intelligently responsive operation. The system incorporates infrastructures, such as broadband networking, smart grids alongside various forms of renewable energy generation and building new systems of mobility based on distributed networks. The system involves interconnected and instrumented real time operators that run on real time and historical data and provide intelligence through several forms of ICT applications such as smart energy grids, intelligent transport, e-traffic, e-payment and e-government. The concept of smart cities offers a revolutionary vision of urban sustainability. Utilizing the intelligent application of new technologies, smart cities also incorporate considerations of social and environmental capital in order to transform the life and work of cities. The urban space is where many of the solutions for a smart sustainable world intersect.  




What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?

The following research challnges are addressed:


Identify and develop a new ontology framework smart-city Information Reuse, and Semantic Interoperability over Future Internet

Selection of an appropriate and future proof solution for tipple store selection, risk assessment, failure issues and avoidance mechanisms for smart cities

Creation of Semantic Annotation Web Services published as Linked Data for smart cities

Creation of Linked Data Business models for smart cities

 Creation of a Concept design of a Web of Trust in Smart Cites

Implementing pilot cases of Internet of things over smart cities




What is the potential for further research?


Future Internet offers solutions to many challenges that cities face; community building, mobility, efficient service provisioning, new applications and services, rethinking utilities, culture and the built environment.  Cities provide a unique opportunity to the Future Internet; they offer real challenges, real users at a high density, realistic societal, organisational and operational structures, self sufficient governance and decision making.   There is however a gap between researchers dealing with cities and researchers dealing with the Future Internet: smart city research explores the problem space through application pilots and experimental  research; Future Internet research explores open, internet scale infrastructure and platforms. The concept of “smart cities” has attracted considerable attention in the context of urban development policies for creating more inclusive, sustainable and competitive cities. At the same time the Internet as an enabler of city services is becoming more and more important for urban development while cities are increasingly assuming a critical role as drivers of innovation in such areas as health, inclusion, environment and business as more people and devices will be connected to the Future Internet than today. Cities and spaces will be connected and smarter, exploiting the Future Internet to organise, optimise,  and deliver on promises to citizens, both as creative professionals and as ‘prosumers’.  At the same time the Future Internet will be, even more than now, a critical infrastructure for  the public sector, citizens and business and move from being the Internet of technology into the Internet of content, things and people. In order to tackle the real problems of cities  new thinking is needed,  which is capable of grasping the big picture, including the interrelationships among all  the factors underlying them. Achieving systemic and sustainable innovation for the future society and to make future cities a good place to live and work requires much broader, more collaborative and innovative approaches.





What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)

The adoption of the Creative Commons licensing model is suggested e-cities platform overcomes the rigidity of the “All Rights Reserved” status and introduces the “Some Rights Reserved” status

includes terms and clauses for open distribution of content

is easy to use by an author or right-holder to grant permissions for any use of their works

has no cost

is enhanced by technological elements, i.e. meta-data software code

is applicable to all sorts of creative works



What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?

Creative Commons licensing model a design of the platform in the form a blueprint is required and an application for license.



What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?


The e-cities match urban characteristics of cities with experimental future technologies of the institute and cooperating organizations. This bridging will create fertile environment inside the cities for innovation and creation of new services. Such agreements will create mutual benefit to cities and tech providers for research valorization. To enhance the European institutional capacity the service will develop three (3) new city experimental applications for new smart and future internet technologies. Co-creation of smart city applications over future internet: bring together technology push future internet and smart city application pull (i.e. crowdsourcing, crowdcasting) into a diversity of views, constraints and knowledge sharing.   Exploration of linked business models over smart applications: engage all stakeholders, especially user communities, at the earlier stage of the co-creation process for discovering emerging scenarios, usages and behaviours through the recognition smart city business models that must be used in future internet. Experimentation on smart city business models: Experience pilot smart city business models with a large number of users while collecting data which will be analysed in their context during the evaluation activity.






Please put X as appropriate.






Scientific maturity

























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