IP protection



1 Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?

The risk of a fire starting can be reduced by the flame retardants which are added to flammable materials to prevent fires and, if a fire does start through another source, to cause them burn more slowly and release less heat, smoke and toxic gases. Therefore flame retardants provide extra time in the early stages when the fire can be extinguished or an escape can be made.

On the global market the dominant share belongs to phosphorus-containing fire retardants whereas the ones proposed and produced by Interiorprotect are grounded on a combination of phosphorus and nitrogen.





2 What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?
The main problem  related to the contemporary fire retardants is that they are expensive, their application often is accompanies by negative impact on the surface/tissue treated and have certain negative ecological impact. In addition they often lead to the release of smoke and toxic gases that create damage on nature and human health.

The product produced by Interiorprotect meets the above challenges as follows:

-        CSE-96 flame retardants are phosphorus and nitrogen salts solutions. Their ion activity changes depending on the treated materials by adding anionic, cationic, amphoteric, non-ionic surfactants and mixtures of them. The CSE-96 flame retardants are applied for hydrophilic and hydrophobic porous polymers with different physical and chemical properties and structure.

-        The effectiveness of the product in terms of the flame retardant capacity is achieved by the synergistic effect of the phosphorus and nitrogen components in it.

-        The CSE-96 flame retardant composition is effective in a small amount for impregnation of porous polymers. The CSE-96 products are neutral and therefore non-corrosive and non-irritating in nature.

-        The neutral pH allows preservation stability, freezing stability and chemical stability of the CSE-96 flame retardant solution. The composition is of the environmental type which is fully safe in that the composition eliminates the evolution of halogen gas upon combustion.


3 What is the potential for further research?

Further research could be related to the following:

The materials and surfaces treated are to be made water resistant and resistant to treatment with detergents and other cleaning chemicals, e.g. when the material treated with fire retardants is washed or cleaned with chemicals it has to fully preserve is dire redundant characteristics. This is subject to R&D on technical and chemical modifications.




4 What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)

The company has already obtained patent on the Innovative plasma chemical surface modification technology for treatment of porous materials for fire resistance. It has also registered a trademark for the fire retardant CSE-96.




5 What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?

IPR protection is already obtained. This protection is for the territory of Bulgaria only. If the company goes on international markets, IPR protection for those territories might be considered as well.





6 What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?
The product is in its scientific maturity – it is fully developed and is already on the market. The potential for further research at this stage lies in making the materials and surfaces treated be water resistant and resistant to treatment with detergents and other cleaning chemicals, i.e. securing that their  fire resistant characteristics are preserved after treatment with cleaning chemicals. This is subject to R&D on technical and chemical modifications.



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