IP protection


Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?

The semantic origin of the expression is composed by two words and concepts: “Internet” and “Thing”, where “Internet” can be defined as “The world-wide network of interconnected computer networks, based on a standard communication protocol, the Internet suite (TCP/IP)”, while “Thing” is “an object not precisely identifiable” Therefore, semantically, “Internet of Things” means “a world-wide network of interconnected objects uniquely addressable, based on standard communication protocols”.

The set of actions that the future objects should be able to do is a matter of research. Quite understandably, a fundamental enabler would be the identity knowledge, of the “self” and of the others. Enabling the object to know “itself” and its common properties such as creation, recycling, transformation, ownership change, or use for different purposes will allow common objects to interact actively and decisively with the environment. For example, the integration of communication capabilities between RFID tags, sensors and actuators is seen as a very important area which needs to be studied together with the integration of such devices into hybrid wireless sensor networks that are characterised by modularity, reliability, flexibility, robustness and scalability.

While the current Internet is a collection of rather uniform devices, however heterogeneous in some capabilities but very similar for what concerns purpose and properties, it is to be expected that the IoT will exhibit a much higher level of heterogeneity, as totally different objects in terms of functionality, technology and application fields will belong to the same communication environment. In this vision of the future, is it easy to imagine things that are able to transport themselves: e.g. by consulting global positioning system sensors on its way, instructing conveyor belts for its routing, consulting logistics information databases and decide themselves upon the best route to their destinations; or alternatively the things may consult an external entity like their customers before making decisions that will increase cost or cause delays. There will be fully automated supply networks, autonomous warehouses, and the customers will not only know when a thing passes certain transit checkpoints, but monitor entirely the transport route from the point an object or product leaves the manufacturer.



What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?

The knowledge gap , sometimes referred as “exaflood” or “data deluge”, is the 
explosion of the amount of data collected and exchanged. Just to give 
some numbers, business forecasts indicate that in the year 2015 more than 220 Exabytes of data will be stored. As current network are ill- suited for this exponential traffic growth, there is a need by all the actors to re-think current networking and storage architectures. It will be imperative to find novel ways and mechanisms to find, fetch, and transmit data. One relevant reason for this data deluge is the explosion in the number of devices collecting and exchanging information as envisioned as the Internet of Things becomes a reality.  

ITC is using mesh technologies to overcome the problem. Mesh networking (topology) is a type of networking where each node must not only capture and disseminate its own data, but also serve as a relay for other nodes, that is, it must collaborate to propagate the data in the network. A mesh network can be designed using a flooding technique or a routing technique. When using a routing technique, the message propagates along a path, by hopping from node to node until the destination is reached. To ensure all its paths’ availability, a routing network must allow for continuous connections and reconfiguration around broken or blocked paths, using self-healing algorithms. A mesh network whose nodes are all connected to each other is a fully connected network. Mesh networks can be seen as one type of ad hoc network. Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) and mesh networks are therefore closely related, but MANET also have to deal with the problems introduced by the mobility of the nodes.



What is the potential for further research?

 Ambient intelligence and autonomous control are not part of the original concept of the Internet of Things. Ambient intelligence and autonomous control do not necessarily require Internet structures, either. However, there is a shift in research to integrate the concepts of the Internet of Things and autonomous control. In the future the Internet of Things may be a non-deterministic and open network in which auto-organized or intelligent entities (Web services), virtual objects (avatars) will be interoperable and able to act independently (pursuing their own objectives or shared ones) depending on the context, circumstances or environments.

Embedded intelligence presents an “AI-oriented” perspective of IoT, which can be more clearly defined as: leveraging the capacity to collect and analyze the digital traces left by people when interacting with widely deployed smart things to discover the knowledge about human life, environment interaction, as well as social connection/behavior.





What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)

The adoption of the Creative Commons licensing model is suggested for ITC overcomes the rigidity of the “All Rights Reserved” status and introduces the “Some Rights Reserved” status

·       includes terms and clauses for open distribution of content

·       is easy to use by an author or right-holder to grant permissions for any use of their works

·       has no cost

·       is enhanced by technological elements, i.e. meta-data software code

·       is applicable to all sorts of creative works




What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?

Creative Commons licensing model a design of the platform in the form a blueprint is required and an application for license.



What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?


The ITC platform includes a programming tool for app developers. ITC is based around simply putting virtual building blocks together to form complete apps, although more complex arrangements are also possible. Different applications could be combined in order to get various devices working together. Installed on a modem, decoder, it would be in charge of overseeing the relationships between devices, and making sure that they could all communicate effectively with one another.






Please put X as appropriate.






Scientific maturity
























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