Technical feasibility


SECTION I: Testing



Has the R & D result been tested?






The following question is replied according to the reply in question 1


If yes



In what mode has the result been tested?

•              Prototype

•              Pilot Application

•              Alpha/BETA testing


ECO LIGHT PAPER is a product made of manually recycled paper. It is a 3-layer amalgama of a paper layer, fiber optics, and another paper layer. One of the specific features of the product is that it has no glue added. The author of the R&D result has elaborated a prototype. In addition, the working prototype has an art print to illustrate the option of having additional decoration without influencing the stability of the material. The working prototype is designed as a work piece of art. The light source is a tiny standard LED, which spreads light along the optic cables.

The innovation in this art product is the integration of optic fibers inside.

The main challenges that were subject to testing, are:

-          the stability of the material without using a glue for sticking together the layers

-          the behavior of the material when printed on

-          the manual recycling of the paper

The R&D result has been tested in the form of pilot application.

This product has a wide range of applications – it can be used in a wide variety of interior design. A key requirement that has to be observed is that the light paper be protected from external influence, i.e. be covered by a protective layer. The prototype is covered by a thin transparent cover.

The product allows for using optic fibers of different diameter and length, that are fixed to the edge of the work piece of art.


1b. Please describe and discuss the testing results
Tests were made on a prototype of a size of 20/30 cm. They were made to determine the pressure, under which the recycled paper is pressed without destroying or in no way impacting the optic fibers. The tests were successfully carried out at the pressure of 8 atm. and proved further some of the features and potential of the mateiral for a wide range of applications, e.g. the art print can be repeated like in a wallpaper. There is also an option to import inside another image that can be made light-emitting. The tests made were actually a public exhibition of such work pieces of art. Further tests were made by a pilot application of the prototype – integrating it in a public exhibition where the LED was lit for a continuant time slot of 150 hours.



If no:



Describe what type of testing does the R&D result need?
Detailed comment




1d. What is the time needed for testing?
1e. What is the cost needed for testing?



SECTION 2: Current Stage of Development



To what extent does the development team have technical resources for supporting the production of a new product? (Researchers, human resources, hardware, etc. )

The researcher disposes of limited technical resources for supporting the production of the new product. The frames on which the paper is recycled and spread are at present of the size of 1 sq.m. The researcher disposes of a land field where the paper recycling can be performed. What is further needed is bigger frames, a couple of workers (no special qualification is needed), as well as a machine for preparing the paper pulp.



What are the technical issues that need to be tackled for full deployment, if needed?
The technical issues that need to be tackled for full deployment of the R&D result are basically two:

-          Minimizing the size of the LED. This would minimise the electrical installation, which is an inseperable part of the product. The product would thus become finer and easier to build in a wall or any other surface to be decorated with it. Further research could made towards developing a special LED plate designed specifically for being applied in this range of products.

-          Further optimization could be sought of the modes for fixing the optic fibers and the LED inside the product.



What additional technical resources are needed for the production of this new product?
The LED plate has to be designed on a computer, then samples of it have to be elaborated, then tiny LEDs can be assembled and fixed to the LED plate in the desired quantity and power.




Overall assessment of the current stage of technical development.
In technical terms the product is well developed and is ready for application. There is still room for optimizations to be sought with regards to the LED-holding plates, with regards to fixing the LEDs to the edge of the art piece, as well as with regards to decreasing the overall thickness of the product. The latter is related both to the thickness of the paper layers and the optic fibers and LEDs in between.


SECTION 3: Deployment


Define the demands for large scale production in terms of
  • Materials
The main materials needed for production of the eco light paper are:

-          Recycled paper

-          LEDs

-          Optic fibers


  • technologies, tools, machineries
For organising a large scale production the following key tools and machines are needed:

-          Machine for grinding the paper to be recycled

-          Tank for the paper pulp

-          Drying fields

-          Printing machine

The printing machine is not to be necessarly available, the printing may be outsourced. What is most important to be available is the machine for producing the paper pulp and the dryers for the pulp. For drying out the paper pulp the premises may be air-conditioned, or a drying machine may be supplied. The latter is a better solution than the former one.


  • Staff effort
-          1 engineer in low-voltage electricity

-          2-3 workers, no particular qualification is needed but they have to be high-skilled meaning precise towards the finest details.




SECTION 4: Overall Assessment



What is you overall assessment of the technical feasibility of the research result?
In terms of technical feasibility the product is well developed. There is room for further optimization with regards to the LEDs incorporated in the product, with regards to the thickness of the product, and the adjustment of the electrical components to the body of the product. The product has been test in real conditions, i.e. in an exhibition, where it worked for an uninterrupted time span of 150 consecutive hours. The product may have a wide range of applications all of them related to decoration of interiors.

The product has high eco features as it is elaborated of recycled paper, with LED lighting, and, though consisting of 3 layers, it has no glue added.





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