The main objective of this Research program concerns the study of a energy conversion system based on the gasification of agricultural by-products, in order to produce a clean hydrogen rich gas able to be converted in electricity by using Internal Combustion Engines.
Biomass gasification is a thermo-chemical conversion which produces a fuel gas rich in hydrogen and carbon monoxide, with a significant content of methane; carbon dioxide, steam and nitrogen are also present in the producer gas, in addition to organic (tar) and inorganic (H2S, HCl, NH3, alkali metals) impurities, and particulate. High molecular weight hydrocarbons are an undesirable and noxious by-product. Gas cleaning is normally done by filtration and scrubbing of the producer gas, as a result of which the overall gasification efficiency is reduced.

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