Technical feasibility


SECTION I: Testing


1 Has the R & D result been tested?
YES yes


The following question is replied according to the reply in question 1


If yes


1a In what mode has the result been tested?

•              Prototype

•              Pilot Application

•              Alpha/BETA testing


The LR-3 has been developed as a prototype and has been tested in the laboratory of the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. In order to have the LR-3 certified tests have to be made in a certified laboratory – the laboratories in Bulgaria that make tests of such products are not internationally certified.

To obtain such a certificate tests shall have to be made in a certified laboratory abroad, which would cost about 5-6 000 EUR.

In addition to the laboratory tests, the RL-3 has been tested in two industrial companies in production conditions.



1b. Please describe and discuss the testing results
All tests results have proven positive. The laboratory tests show that LR-3 covers the international standards requirements in this field against 9 criteria (according to ISO).

The tests in the industrial companies also prove good against the same parametres, which is to say that the product is practically ready for introducing into industry and is, in terms of technical feasibility, suitable for mass production.






SECTION 2: Current Stage of Development


2a To what extent does the development team have technical resources for supporting the production of a new product? (Researchers, human resources, hardware, etc. )
The R&D team consists of researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry at BAS. The development of the LR-3 has was made under a project funded by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth and Science under the National Science Fund. The schemes under this fund do not provide support for commercialisation of the R&D, which is why financing for introducing the R&D result into industrial production would have to come from other sources.

The R&D team of the Institute have the needed hardware and technical resources, as well as human resources, to undertake actions towards commercialisation once financing is secured.



2b What are the technical issues that need to be tackled for full deployment, if needed?
As mentioned above, from the technical point of view all results sought have been achieved and have been proven by the laboratory and industrial tests.



2c What additional technical resources are needed for the production of this new product?
The prototype is fully developed but no steps have been undertaken for industrial production of LR-3.

In addition, the R&D team has developed technical manuals and regulations needed for organising the production process of LR-3. They include detailed description of all technical processes and operations.


2d Overall assessment of the current stage of technical development.
The LR-3 is fully developed as a prototype and tested athte Institute’s laboratory as well as in two industrial enterprises. It is ready for commercilaisation and introduction in industry. At present the production capacity fo the laboratory is limited to about 20-30 l. The setting up of industrial production of LR-3 would be facilitated by the technical  manuals that are already in place.




SECTION 3: Deployment

3a Define the demands for large scale production in terms of
  • Materials

All the materials needed for the production of LR-3 are available on the local market and are produced in Bulgaria. They are offered on the local market at reasonable price. There are no specific requirements or problems related to the supply of the necessary ingredients for LR-3. There is only one component – a manganese salt, which is hard to find on the market; to produce it, the Institute uses another manganese salt as a raw material and makes chemical processing to obtain the salt needed.




  • technologies, tools, machineries

All equipment, tools and machines are standard for the chemical industry. There is no need of any specific equipment or technologies whatsoever. The equipment is available at the Institute’s laboratory.

In case industrial production is set up, the needed equipment is easy to supply and install in the production site.




  • Staff effort
There is no need of special qualifications or education of the staff in charge of the production. For the production of about 50 l a day, the staff needed is one technician and one worker with general skills.




SECTION 4: Overall Assessment


1 What is your overall assessment of the technical feasibility of the research result?
The LR-3 is fully developed in terms of technical feasibility, tests have been made in both laboratory and industrial conditions. The lack of a certificate from an internationally certified laboratory might need further tackling but issuing such certificate would be justifiable only in case there are market opportunities for export.

The set up of industrial production of LR-3 is already facilitated by the technical manuals that the R&D team has developed specifying in details all production processes.

There are no specific difficulties or obstacles for full deployment of the R&D result in technical terms.








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