IP protection



Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?

The term “smart city” has been introduced as a liveableness qualifier for urban environments, where advanced technology, tipically based on web-services and web-applications, are made available to the community through latest communication infrastructures (integrating both wired and wireless technologies) delivering “smart” functionalities that can simplify citizens’ life or facilitate take-up of new business models by companies, in the context of houses, offices and public places. The scope of smart cities has been further extended through the introduction of advanced mobility management solutions, dealing with both transport infrastructures and information/monitoring systems. Last, but certainly not least, smart city services are being developed to address environmental monitoring and energy efficiency issues. This is affecting not only the energy retail market, where utilities can benefit from smart grid technologies, but also the building construction sector, where the design of low-environmental impact buildings can significantly benefit from more efficient services optimising heating, air-conditioning or power consumption.

The European Commission, within the so-called Digital Agenda, is paying significant attention to smart cities, as technologies associated to smart cities can bring to an improved knowledge-based economy, to better social inclusion and, in more general term, to a more livable environment. The technological and societal evolution required by the concept itself of smart city can act a flywheel that can help Europe maintain a leading position at the global stage. Several research programmes, initiatives, projects and pilots, are being promoted within Europe and beyond. The overall ambition is not only new technological but, most notably, societal in that smart cities will have to change the way people interact with others and with the urban environment itself.



What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?

The term “smart city” is understood as a certain intellectual ability that addresses several innovative socio-technical and socio-economic aspects of growth. These aspects lead to smart city conceptions as “green” referring to urban infrastructure for environment protection and reduction of CO2 emission , “inter-connected” related to revolution of broadband economy stated by ,  “intelligent” declaring the capacity to produce added value information from the processing of city’s real time data from sensors and activators , where as the terms “innovating”, “knowledge” cities interchangeably refer to the city’s ability to raise innovation based on knowledgeable and creative human capital.  While each one these smart city conceptions pictures partially the smart city vision, they all contribute significantly towards growth and sustainability.     

Cities prioritize their urban innovation ecosystems from their traditional urban character to innovative “green”, “smart”, “open”,” intelligent” and “innovating”, aiming towards environmental and social sustainability. This paper uses the generalized term “smart city” to describe all these various smart environment conceptions. Even though this arbitrary generalization is not scientifically accurate, it is rationalized by the high exposure of the term “smart city” as a generic term to describe IT based innovative urban ecosystems.

The publicity that the smart city concepts have gained nowadays (with more than two thousand  Google meaningful search results)  has led to frequent and arbitrary self-declaration of cities as “smart”. While there are several benchmarking and evaluation frameworks on smart cities and communities based mainly on statistical data and quantitative information, i.e. the Intelligent Community Forum  or the Smart Cities index , there is a is a need for analytical tools that could enlighten smart city’s planning processes. The  model attempts to demystify the complexities of smart city conceptions, through the lens of smart city planning, by answering the following questions:

·    Could all conceptions and diverged policies and processes related to smart city planning be assembled into an inclusive and holistic smart city reference framework?

·    How such a framework would be assistive in identifying processes within the urban innovation ecosystem that compose a smart city’s plan?




What is the potential for further research?

The course for future research steps toward the refinement of the smart innovation model into a “system in systems” model that will mirror in detail smart city processes. Following a systemic approach, the model should be adaptive as far as inputs, outputs and processings to the local context of a smart city. Key performance indicators should be explored not only for sustainability but also competitiveness, employment generation, fight against poverty, social divides and more. Furthermore, a process oriented evaluation model could be developed based on systemic smart city performance that will rival existing smart city benchmarking schemas.





What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)

The adoption of the Creative Commons licensing model is suggested for  smart cty reference model overcomes the rigidity of the “All Rights Reserved” status and introduces the “Some Rights Reserved” status

·      includes terms and clauses for open distribution of content

·      is easy to use by an author or right-holder to grant permissions for any use of their works

·      has no cost

·      is enhanced by technological elements, i.e. meta-data software code

·       is applicable to all sorts of creative works



What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?

Creative Commons licensing model a design of the platform in the form a blueprint is required and an application for license.



What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?


Smart city planners could use the reference model to define the conceptual layout of a smart city and describe the urban innovation characteristics for each one of the six city layers. As smart cities come in different shapes and sizes, this reference model should be tailored to local urban innovation character integrating all layers of the model. Smart city planners could formulate a six layer planning agenda based on the local features and priorities of a city. Thus, this conceptual smart city planning could be the founding documentation for a smart city master plan.  The reference model as an assembly of various smart city notions can used to evaluate its innovative capacity in identifying complementarities and inconsistencies in smart city master planning. Additionally, the conceptual model could be also utilized to synchronize and optimize city’s investments in green and broadband economies. It also provides a common understanding among smart city stakeholders of investment priorities. The investigation of critical city’s resources that will contribute to its readiness to smart vision is a crucial preliminary planning step. The outcomes of this research could be utilized by smart city planners to prevent unsustainable investments and to build upon the socio-technical complementarities in the smart city course of action.






Please put X as appropriate.






Scientific maturity

























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