Determination of parameters of interest, designing a system suitable to the aquatic environment, integration of probes designed for canonical environments application.
Nowadays a variety of technological challenges are faced in the development of water monitoring technologies:
- the set of regulated contaminants is growing thereby creating a greater incentive for automated monitoring;
- water utilities are typically financially constrained and generally unable to invest inexpensive monitoring systems, hence lower-cost, reliable systems are desirable;
- from a water security perspective, many measurement points are likely needed giving rise to the need of low-cost systems that are data-networked for maximum effectiveness;
- for water security applications, timely measurements (on the order of tens of minutes) are needed in order to provide adequate time to respond to the phenomenon prior to the diffusion of contaminated water;
false positive and negative measurement rates must be low for any monitoring technology to be useful to the water industry for the purposes of detect-to-warn. Consequently, monitor performance must be reliable and well understood.