|1||Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?|
|The necessity of providing services in the specific sector was driven by the increase of the significance given on indoor air quality, as well as on the syndromes and diseases that are related with the air quality in buildings. The use of modern building materials in combination with the frequently problematic function of the central heating, cooling and air condition systems and the decrease of ventilation rates result in the increase of indoor air pollutants’ concentration and thereafter in the increase of diseases.The measurement of building’s thermal comfort has risen for two main reasons. The first is the need to provide effective heating conditions in all the indoor areas of a building and the second is the need to minimise energy costs. For example the Greek government, apart from the fact that it has integrated various environmental and energy saving measures in the design of new buildings, it also currently subsidizes buildings’ and apartments’ energy efficiency modifications.
The R&D result is placed as an effective solution for both of these issues. The team can both measure indoor air quality and thermal conditions and propose the solutions needed for their improvement.
|2||What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to? How was it addressed before?|
|Indoor air quality is a term referring to the air quality within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants. Indoor air quality can be affected by microbial contaminants (mold, bacteria), gases (including carbon monoxide, radon, volatile organic compounds), particulates, or any mass or energy stressor that can induce adverse health conditions. Indoor air is becoming an increasingly more concerning health hazard than outdoor air. Determination of indoor air quality involves the collection of air samples, monitoring human exposure to pollutants, collection of samples on building surfaces and computer modelling of air flow inside buildings. Using ventilation to dilute contaminants, filtration, and source control are the primary methods for improving indoor air quality in most buildings.The energy performance of buildings is considered a primary issue in the achievement of the EU’s Climate & Energy objectives, reduction of Greenhouse gas emissions by 20% and 20% energy savings by 2020. Improving the energy performance of buildings is a cost-effective way of fighting against climate change and improving EU’s energy security, while also creating job opportunities, particularly in the built sector. Moreover the adoption of the Directive on Energy Performance of Buildings pressures the Member States to apply minimum requirements as regards the energy performance of new and existing buildings, ensure the certification of their energy performances and require regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in the buildings.|
|3||What is the potential for further research?|
|Eventhough the R&D result is ready for application, the scientific team has to be vigilant in two respects: firstly in regard to the new technologies that may arise in the field of thermal comfort and indoor air quality of buildings, and secondly in regard to the environmental laws, regulations and standards that have to be met in each case that the service is offered.|
|4||What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)|
|The R&D result does not need not be secured with a patent.|
|5||What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?|
|There are no IPR costs related with the service.|
|6||What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?|
|The R&D result is ready to be offered in the market.|