Diminish social exclusion caused by an inadequate transport network
- Geographical aspect: scarce accessibility of rural regions and their connectivity with urban centres through public traffics
- Social aspect: Inadequate mobility of disabled, elderly, young people, women and minors, immigrants and individuals with low income who cannot afford a car
More direct relationships with internal mountainous rural areas and related urban zones
local implementation of different patterns of Demand Responsive Transport (DRT).
On-demand bus services to facilitate commercial exchanges, job search and social/health assistance.
Transport plays an essential role in economic and social development of our modern society. It ensures access to jobs, housing goods and services and provides for the mobility of people and for the opening up of peripheral and isolated regions. Weak demand due to an increased individual motor car traffic in rural, marginalized regions has determined the progressive decrease of public transport. The effects are in turn an increase of traffic, pollution and road accidents. The lack of local public transport services in such regions leads to the isolation of parts of the population, mostly older people, as effect of the progressive abandonment of these territories.
The project partners of TWIST aspired to stop this vicious circle by the establishment of Demand Responsive Transport (DRT) services in several rural and mountainous regions in the CADSES area. These DRT solutions become more and more important, especially in times of the days, when line oriented bus companies are not serving, and in areas with low demand, so that a bus line would be not very lucrative.
The territories involved in the project are mostly represented by weaker social groups (90% of the public transport’s users) such as elderly, young people immigrants and disabled. Women and children living in rural and mountain areas have more difficulties to move around than people living in urban areas; besides, the organisation of the families in these territories can be a cause of seclusion for some women. For the above mentioned reasons, the project’s target should be considered a social target.
Due to the lack of experience with DRT solutions in a number of European countries, it is obvious that the focus has to be put on research and knowledge transfer in the field of rural public transport.