IP protection




Please provide a short description of the state-of-the-art and/or current trends in the field? How does the result fit into it?
Keywords:  Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA), wild fauna monitoring

As for DIRECTIVE 2011/92/EU, projects belonging to certain types have significant effects on the environment and those projects should, as a rule, be subject to a systematic assessment. The information to be provided by the developer of the project include  the data required to identify and assess the main effects which the project is likely to have on the environment, a description of the measures envisaged in order to avoid, reduce and, if possible, remedy significant adverse effects, an outline of the main alternatives studied by the developer and an indication of the main reasons for his choice, taking into account the environmental effects. One of the possible impacts is on fauna.

EIA may be conducted using different methods: checklists and matrices, sectoral guidelines,  systematic sequential approach, simulation models, spatial analysis (using GIS to visualize the results) or ad hoc methods relying mainly on expert opinions. The EIA is usually related to a vast quantity of raw and unorganized information that must be collected and analyzed in preparation of an EIA report. The best methods are able to: organize, summarize, aggregate and display a large amount of heterogeneous data in a human readable format.

WIRM is a software tool capable to predict and calculate the risk of interaction between fauna and human activities aimed at nature conservation and environmental ecology. It is a software tool that operates on a GIS platform with sophisticated statistical and mathematical models to study and monitory the most important wild animal species living in a territory, analyzing the interaction with human activities. It can provide important results for the territorial planning and the best solutions to reduce human-fauna impacts.

In other words, WIRM may act as a tool for EIA and, in addition it can be used as a design tool allowing to select the best options and choices to reduce environmental impacts or to suggest the more appropriate actions to mitigate known impacts. As a possible result, the tool can help in drawing specific and objective risk maps related to single or multiple fauna species populating a certain region.

Looking to what the market already offers, very few results have been found. One is DCGIS (Dynamic Computational G.I.S – http://www.algebrasrl.com/index_file/Page1303.htm ), it is an operative model for the analysis and the environmental assessment able to manage in an integrated manner different components of anthropic pressure and vulnerability by simulation models.

On the patent side,  no related results appear on common search engines.



What is the problem/need/knowledge gap that the research result is responding to?  How was it addressed before?
In the current practice, wildlife data used in assessment processes is sometimes poor and not coming from quantitative or statistical evaluations. That may drive to non-objective conclusions due to the lack of objective data.  In addition, the tool  may be used as a basis for monitoring plans and as a mitigation system. The added value is related also to the integration of different blocks as: fauna data base, models, elaboration algorithms and GIS. In fact, the integration allows a more effective way to conduct an assessment even for people with limited knowledge of fauna.




What is the potential for further research?
The potential is related to the study and the creation of a database containing data coming from wild fauna monitoring. The monitoring activity could take advantage of telemetry technologies based on light weight devices to be attached to wild animals. Research activities are both on methods and devices able to perform an effective wildlife monitoring.

Exploitation of new research results is possible thanks to the ability of tool to upgrade the database containing the simulation models.



What is the proposed method of IPR-protection? (patent, license, trademark etc.)
The software could be made available to third parities by a user license.




What are the steps that need to be taken in order to secure the IPR-protection? What is the cost of IPR-protection?
License will be released to the final user at the moment of the purchase.

The cost for that kind of protection is considered negligible.



What is you overall assessment of the scientific maturity of the research result?
The scientific contributions have been used in some test cases.  The needed effort is mostly on validation of the models and on some software engineering activities.

This is why it can be stated that the result is in an intermediate state of maturity.






Please put X as appropriate. 1 2 3 4 5
Scientific maturity     X    
Synergies        X  
State-of-the-art/innovation         X
IPR-potential     X    

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